Which 2 endocrine glands secretes steroid hormones

The gonads are the main source of sex hormones. In males, they are located in the scrotum. Male gonads, or testes, secrete hormones called androgens, the most important of which is testosterone. These hormones regulate body changes associated with sexual development, including enlargement of the penis, the growth spurt that happens during puberty, and the appearance of other male secondary sex characteristics such as deepening of the voice , growth of facial and pubic hair, and the increase in muscle growth and strength. Working with hormones from the pituitary gland, testosterone also supports the production of sperm by the testes.

Thymus
The thymus is a soft, triangular-shaped organ found in the chest posterior to the sternum. The thymus produces hormones called thymosins that help to train and develop T-lymphocytes during fetal development and childhood. The T-lymphocytes produced in the thymus go on to protect the body from pathogens throughout a person’s entire life. The thymus becomes inactive during puberty and is slowly replaced by adipose tissue throughout a person’s life.

Other Hormone Producing Organs
In addition to the glands of the endocrine system, many other non-glandular organs and tissues in the body produce hormones as well.  

A girl's gonads, the ovaries (pronounced: OH-vuh-reez), are located in her pelvis. They produce eggs and secrete the female hormones estrogen (pronounced: ESS-truh-jen) and progesterone (pronounced: pro-JESS-tuh-rone). Estrogen is involved when a girl begins to go through puberty. During puberty, a girl will experience breast growth, will begin to accumulate body fat around the hips and thighs, and will have a growth spurt. Estrogen and progesterone are also involved in the regulation of a girl's menstrual cycle. These hormones also play a role in pregnancy.

2. Hormones that enter target cells and bind to receptors in the nucleus are called
steroid hormones.
water soluble hormones.
peptide hormones.
second messengers.
3. The hormones regulating blood calcium levels are
insulin and glucagon.
glycogen and parathyroid hormone.
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin.
estrogen and progesterone.
4. All of the following are hormones of the anterior pituitary EXCEPT
human growth hormone (GH).
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
parathyroid hormone(PTH).
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
5. Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
posterior pituitary gland.
anterior pituitary gland.
thyroid gland.
adrenal gland.
6. Calcitonin is a hormone of the
adrenal cortex.
thyroid gland.
pituitary gland.
thymus gland.
7. Mineralcorticoids
are produced in the adrenal cortex.
are steroid hormones.
help regulate the homeostasis of sodium and potasium.
all of the above.
8. Which of the following hormones are responsible for the "fight-or-flight" response?
epinephrine and norepinephrine.
insulin and glucagon.
esrtogen and progesterone.
thyroxin and melatonin.
9. The gland which can be classified as an endocrine and an exocrine gland is the
thyroid.
thymus.
pancreas.
pituitary.
10. Glucagon
accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
slows down glucose formation from lactic acid.
decreases the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
speeds up protein synthesis within cells.
Score =
Correct answers:
 

Which 2 endocrine glands secretes steroid hormones

which 2 endocrine glands secretes steroid hormones

2. Hormones that enter target cells and bind to receptors in the nucleus are called
steroid hormones.
water soluble hormones.
peptide hormones.
second messengers.
3. The hormones regulating blood calcium levels are
insulin and glucagon.
glycogen and parathyroid hormone.
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin.
estrogen and progesterone.
4. All of the following are hormones of the anterior pituitary EXCEPT
human growth hormone (GH).
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
parathyroid hormone(PTH).
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
5. Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
posterior pituitary gland.
anterior pituitary gland.
thyroid gland.
adrenal gland.
6. Calcitonin is a hormone of the
adrenal cortex.
thyroid gland.
pituitary gland.
thymus gland.
7. Mineralcorticoids
are produced in the adrenal cortex.
are steroid hormones.
help regulate the homeostasis of sodium and potasium.
all of the above.
8. Which of the following hormones are responsible for the "fight-or-flight" response?
epinephrine and norepinephrine.
insulin and glucagon.
esrtogen and progesterone.
thyroxin and melatonin.
9. The gland which can be classified as an endocrine and an exocrine gland is the
thyroid.
thymus.
pancreas.
pituitary.
10. . Glucagon
accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
slows down glucose formation from lactic acid.
decreases the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
speeds up protein synthesis within cells.
Score =
Correct answers:
 

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