In the Yalta and Potsdam conferences, the Allies established their joint military occupation and administration of Germany via the Allied Control Council (ACC), a four-power (US, UK, USSR, France) military government effective until the restoration of German sovereignty. In eastern Germany, the Soviet Occupation Zone (SBZ – Sowjetische Besatzungszone ) comprised the five states ( Länder ) of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , Brandenburg , Saxony , Saxony-Anhalt , and Thuringia . Disagreements over the policies to be followed in the occupied zones quickly led to a breakdown in cooperation between the four powers, and the Soviets administered their zone without regard to the policies implemented in the other zones. The Soviets withdrew from the ACC in 1948; subsequently as the other three zones were increasingly unified and granted self-government, the Soviet administration instituted a separate socialist government in its zone.
The question: Should Germany save the EU? That is about the same as asking: “Is water wet?”
No matter what role Germany brings to this EU crisis, it is the EU that will be stronger for it. It is a market of 450 million consumers, and that is uppermost in everyones mind. There is no comparable unified market size anywhere else in the world. It may be tough, but each of the EU nations will gradually learn how to adjust themselves to be an EU member in good standing without undue friction.
If there are some who would prefer the EU to fail, it is quite understandable. Their welfare may be at stake. But in the end, more trade and travel among nations could well be the salvation of this planet when people are too busy doing well than planning to facilitate a blow-up.
Being a federal republic, Germany is very much a decentralised country, which embraces the cultural differences between the regions. Some travellers will perhaps only think of beer, Lederhosen and Oktoberfest when Germany comes to mind, but Germany's famous alpine and beer culture is mostly centered around Bavaria and Munich . Here the beer is traditionally served in 1 litre mugs (normally not in pubs and restaurants, though). The annual Oktoberfest is Europe's most visited festival and the world's largest fair. Germany's south-western regions, however, are well known for their wine growing areas (. Rheinhessen and Palatinate ) and Bad Dürkheim on the 'German Wine Route' ( Deutsche Weinstraße ) organises the biggest wine festival worldwide with over 600,000 visitors annually.