Pregnant women are at increased risk of developing listeriosis , an infection caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes . Pregnant women with listeriosis typically experience only fever and other flu-like symptoms, such as fatigue and aches. Infection during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, or life-threatening infection of the newborn, including meningitis. Pregnant women can reduce their risk of meningitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. You can reduce the risk that you and your baby will get meningitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes by avoiding certain foods and safely preparing others .
Inflammation of the meninges may lead to abnormalities of the cranial nerves , a group of nerves arising from the brain stem that supply the head and neck area and which control, among other functions, eye movement, facial muscles, and hearing.   Visual symptoms and hearing loss may persist after an episode of meningitis.  Inflammation of the brain ( encephalitis ) or its blood vessels ( cerebral vasculitis ), as well as the formation of blood clots in the veins ( cerebral venous thrombosis ), may all lead to weakness, loss of sensation, or abnormal movement or function of the part of the body supplied by the affected area of the brain.